This beautiful, fluffy bread is a common feature of the Afghan cuisine. We typically eat this for breakfast in Afghanistan. It is delicious, can be eaten with anything and is easy to make. Here’s how:


  • Firstly, put the flour in a big bowl and add the sugar, yeast, cardamom and cinnamon and mix it all together. In the centre of the mixture, make a hole and gradually pour in the water whilst mixing until it becomes a dough. If the dough is sticky, wash your hands and a little bit of olive oil then knead the dough for 10 minutes.
  • Once this is done, allow the dough to rest for 15 minutes.
  • To prepare the sesame seeds, mix ½ a cup of water and 1 tablespoon of honey together, then, add the sesame seeds and mix it again.
  • After this, drain the sesame seeds to remove the water. Once the dough has risen, separate it into mandarin-sized balls of all the same size and then let them rest for 30 minutes.
  • Once rested, flatten each ball out into a bread-like shape and put each bread into the sesame seeds to cover the top and the bottom.
  • Then, make 3 holes in the centre (without going through the bread) with your finger, and then allow to rest for another 40 minutes.
  • Finally, bake the bread in a preheated oven at 180° for 25 minutes or until turned golden brown.


  • 6 cups of plain flour
  • ½ cup of sugar
  • 2 tsp of yeast
  • ¼ tsp cardamom
  • 2 ½ cups of water
  • 1 ½ cups of sesame seeds
  • 1 tbsp of honey
  • ½ cup of water for sesame seedsWater 1/2 cup for sesame
  • ¼ tsp of cinnamon
  • A little bit of olive oil
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